Week 12 – Types of Calories – Fats

June 18, 2016 Posted by The Weight Equation

If common nutrition thinking were a Hollywood movie, fat would be the villain, probably scheming along with complex carbohydrates, to keep us all overweight. Even though portraying fat as the villain is a great marketing tool to sell food, it is far from the truth. The truth is that fat is extremely misunderstood by the general public. For starters, the term ‘fat’ is not really appropriate. There is a disconnect between the biological definition of fat and how the term is used in nutrition. The biological definition of fat is a fatty acid that is solid at room temperature. If a fatty acid is liquid at room temperature it is referred to as an oil. However, in the nutrition world, and as far as the principles in The Weight Equation are concerned, both are considered ‘fats’ regardless of their state at room temperature.

As discussed above, the ‘term’ fat does not mean the same thing to a biologist as it does to a nutritionist. The biologically appropriate term for ‘fat’ is ‘lipid’. All fats are lipids, but not all lipids are fats as some lipids are oils. After this blog entry the term ‘fat’ will be used synonymously with the term ‘lipid’ as it is in the nutrition world.

Lipids serve three incredibly important functions in your body

1) They provide a medium to store energy
2) They form membranes around your body cells
3) They are used by your body to compose hormones and vitamins

The Weight Equation is primarily concerned with the first function listed above, but keep in mind that if your body fat percentage ever drops too low, you will start to have trouble producing hormones and vitamins and your cells will have difficulty maintaining their functions. A better discussion about body fat percentage will take place in a subsequent blog entry.

Fatty Acid Chains

If you’ve followed the blog up to this point you know that complex carbohydrate molecules are chains of hundreds of monosaccharides and Proteins are long chains of amino acids. Similarly, lipids are made by combining many fatty acid chains together. These fatty acid chains are typically 10-20 carbon atoms long and as seen below, they always have a carboxyl group at the end(C=O-OH). There are two types of fatty acids: saturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids. You’ve probably heard the terms saturated and unsaturated fats before. Food labels even distinguish between the two. Have you ever wandered what the difference is?

Fatty Acid Chains

Notice the two extra hydrogen atoms in the saturated fatty acid chain. This is where the name comes from. The chain is “saturated” with hydrogen atoms. Saturated fatty acid chains are solid at room temperature and referred to as ‘fats’ while unsaturated fatty acid chains are liquid at room temperature and referred to as oils. As shown above, unsaturated fatty acid chains have a double bonded carbon in the middle taking the place of two hydrogen atoms. This double bond twists the chain enough so that unsaturated chains have a difficult time getting close together and therefore act like a fluid. The saturated chains are straighter because there isn’t a double bond and they can get closer to one another and stick together, acting like a solid at room temperature. When fatty acids are metabolized, your body breaks apart the many energy rich C-H bonds in the chain.

Ever heard the term, ‘Omega-3 Fatty Acid’? If you pay attention to nutrition at all, I’m sure you have! High amounts of it are found in nuts and fish oils AND according to the latest Stanford study, it’s GREAT for you. Have you ever wondered what the heck it actually is though? Of course not, I’m the only weird guy who is curious about these things right?!? Well just in case I’ve piqued your interest, an Omega-3 Fatty Acid is simply an unsaturated fatty acid chain with the first double-bonded carbon atom three spots from the end of the chain. The position of 3rd from the end is where the name Omega-3 is derived. What position is the double-bonded carbon in the unsaturated fatty acid chain pictured above? You earned extra points if you answered “8th position” out loud with no one else around 😉 The fatty acid chain shown above is an Omega-8 Fatty Acid. Now you know, and knowing is half the….well you’re probably to young to remember the rest of that line anyway.

Triglycerides

Triglycerides are another chemical you’ve probably heard of but never really understood exactly what it was. This chemical is extremely important to The Weight Equation as this is the chemical your body produces to store energy. In other words triglycerides are body fat. Most people using The Weight Equation are working towards a lower body fat percentage and the goal is to break up and metabolize a large percentage of the triglyceride molecules located in cells all over your body. The specific location of triglyceride storage in your body is genetically predetermined. Typically, triglyceride storage is concentrated in the abdominal area for men and the hip area for women. Unfortunately there is nothing you can do, short of surgery, to target a specific area for breaking up triglyceride molecules. When your body needs to tap its energy reserves(IE you require more calories than you’ve consumed), it breaks up triglyceride molecules equally from all cells in the body that store them. This process is known as ketosis and if you’re trying to reduce your body fat percentage, ketosis is the goal.

When your body takes in more calories than it burns it creates, or synthesizes, triglyceride molecules by combining a glycerol molecule(shown below) with three individual saturated fatty acid chains(shown above). The “tri” in triglyceride comes from the “three” saturated fatty acid chains linked together by the glycerol molecule. This process is illustrated below. As you can see, three H2O(water) molecules are released in this process which is called dehydration synthesis.

Triglyceride Synthesis

Phospholipids

I won’t spend a lot of time discussing phospholipids because they are not a factor in The Weight Equation but they are very interesting. Phospholipids serve the other two functions of fats in the body: They compose cell membranes and are used in the production of hormones and vitamins. Phospholipids are structurally similar to triglycerides except one of the fatty acid chains is replaced by a chemical containing phosphate, which is where it gets the prefix “Phospho”.

Common foods with high amounts of fat are:

Vegetable Oil
Certain Cuts of Meat
Cheese
Avocado
Nuts

The most important thing to know about protein when applying The Weight Equation is:

1 gram of protein contains 9 calories

References:
http://www.mckinley.illinois.edu/handouts/macronutrients.htm
http://courses.washington.edu/conj/membrane/fattyacids.htm
http://www.livestrong.com/article/351331-dehydration-synthesis-in-lipids/
http://www.sportsci.org/encyc/adipose/adipose.html

Please enjoy the powerful information I am sharing in this blog but remember that I am NOT a nutritionist or a professional. I am simply passionate about the subject. Please consult with your doctor and nutritionist before implementing any diet

Week 11 – Case Study – Month 2

December 29, 2015 Posted by The Weight Equation

The case study for month 2 covers August 1st thru August 31st. Feel free to download a copy of the actual spreadsheet I filled out during this time period by clicking HERE or clicking on the spreadsheet images below:

Here’s a look at my daily calorie totals from August 1st – August 31st

csm2b

Here is the macronutrient distribution for August 1st – August 31st

csm2c

Month 2 went much better than Month 1. I reduced my target calorie goal from 1,973 calories per day to 1,850. After two weeks I wasn’t quite seeing the results I had hoped for so bumped the daily calorie goal down to 1,750. I was happy with the results at that consumption level. My overall calorie goal for the month was 55,650 and I ended up just a tad over that at 56,278. Overall I did a great job meeting my goal this month. According to my calculations, I should have lost a bit under 4 pounds of fat during this case study month. In reality I only lost about 1.5 pounds of fat. This tells me that I probably need to adjust my calorie goal down even more. I’m not super comfortable going under 1,750 calories per day so I will stay there for a while. It may slow down the fat loss but I have plenty of time. I did pretty well with my macronutrient percentage goals. My fat intake percentage was high at 37%(12% over my goal) but my sugar and alcohol were right on target at 10% combined. So really the area to improve on would be to shift some of my fat calories to complex carbohydrate calories. This is going to be tough due to my preferred diet but I still feel pretty good about month 2 because the two macronutrients I am most concerned with are protein and sugar, which are both at good percentages.

As you can see below, I have accomplished some fat loss without losing any muscle mass. Specifically I’ve lost 3.1 pounds of fat since I started the case study while maintaining the 115.4 pounds of lean body mass I started with. I attribute this to staying pretty focused on lifting weights this month. I didn’t keep track of my workouts but I would estimate that I lifted weights and did a one mile run about 4 or 5 days on average per week this month. I kept my protein intake pretty high as well at 22.8% of my overall calorie intake. While that’s lower than my goal of 25% protein it is very close.

csm2a

month2

Please enjoy the powerful information I am sharing in this blog but remember that I am NOT a nutritionist or a professional. I am simply passionate about the subject. Please consult with your doctor and nutritionist before implementing any diet

Week 10 – Types of Calories – Protein

November 26, 2015 Posted by The Weight Equation

Proteins are the “sexy” calorie source and they have a huge responsibility in the body. They are the building blocks of muscles and perform important functions at the cellular level as enzymes breaking down chemicals into other chemicals. Proteins are essential for bodily functions such as metabolism, hormone production and utilization, memory, and movement. Protein’s primary function is not to provide the body with energy but it can serve that purpose if no other energy source is present. Just like saccharides are combined into long chains to form complex carbohydrates, amino acids are combined into long chains to form proteins.

Amino Acids

Hopefully now you realize that amino acid molecules make up proteins and proteins make up muscles in your body. There are many different amino acids but only 20 of them are needed to compose muscle. Of these 20 amino acids, 8 of them are considered essential amino acids. These 8 amino acids are very important because your body cannot synthesize them by itself and must obtain them in their original form from your diet. This concept is especially important to understand if you are attempting to build muscle on a vegan or vegetarian diet because it can be quite difficult to get the correct combinations of the 8 essential acids without eating meat. As mentioned earlier the other 12 amino acids still need to be in your diet to build muscles, but if you have too much of one, your body can convert it into a different one that it doesn’t have enough of.

The chemical formula of an amino acid is H2NCHRCOOH
Amino Acid

Notice that the structure is similar to a simple carbohydrate in that is contains carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen in the same ratio. The difference is that it has a nitrogen atom and an R. The Nitrogen atom can become a problem for people with too much protein in their diet because when protein is broken down for energy, or converted into fat, the nitrogen becomes free and has to be filtered out by your body. Excess free nitrogen in your body is toxic and your body must work particularly hard to remove them. This problem will be discussed greater in future blog entries.

If you’ve taken chemistry in high school you might realize that R is not symbol in the periodic chart of elements. Your observation is correct. R does not represent an atom but actually represents a group of atoms known as the R-Group. Every amino acid has the H2NCHCOOH atoms arranged in exactly the same way, the only thing that differentiates amino acids is the group of atoms at the R position. All 20 different amino acids found in proteins have a different R-Group which makes it act differently in the body and perform different functions.

The chemical formula for Tryptophan(shown below) is: C11H11N2O2

Tryptophan

One famous amino acid is the one shown above…Tryptophan is commonly blamed making people tired after a huge Thanksgiving Day turkey dinner. Tryptophan is an essential amino acid thus it is found in all meats so next time you’re tired after Thanksgiving dinner it’s probably not becuase of the turkey but rather that you ate too much turkey! Notice that the Tryptophan molecule has a Carbon atom, a Hydrogen atom, a Carboxyl Group(CO2H), an Amino Group(NH2), and an R-Group just like all other amino acids. Tryptophan’s R-Group happens to have a unique chemical formula of C9H8N. Your body puts together Tryptophan and the other 19 amino acids in different combinations to make proteins which build and maintain muscle tissue. Muscle mass is an important part of the weight equation because it has a very significant impact on your basal metabolic rate, which will be discussed in a later blog entry.

Here is a 3-Dimensional example of a protein(the enzyme Hexokinase) containing many different amino acids connected in many different ways. Like all proteins, this extremely unique protein serves an extremely unique purpose in the body.

Hexokinase_Enzyme

Common foods with high amounts of protein are:

Poultry
Pork
Beef
Fish

The most important thing to know about protein when applying The Weight Equation is:

1 gram of protein contains 4 calories

References:

http://www.mckinley.illinois.edu/handouts/macronutrients.htm
http://www.proteinstructures.com/Structure/Structure/amino-acids.html
http://www.britannica.com/science/amino-acid
http://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/molecules/trp.html

Please enjoy the powerful information I am sharing in this blog but remember that I am NOT a nutritionist or a professional. I am simply passionate about the subject. Please consult with your doctor and nutritionist before implementing any diet.

Week 09 – Types of Calories – Carbohydrates

October 6, 2015 Posted by The Weight Equation

Carbohydrates are the most important source of calories. Carbohydrates get their name because they are carbon atoms(carbo) attached to water molecules(hydrates). Carbohydrates, are the number one source of energy for the body and are absolutely pivotal for the body to function. Carbohydrates are separated into two groups, simple and complex carbohydrates. Complex carbohydrate molecules are made up of many simple carbohydrate molecules fused together in a long chain. You must understand the difference between the two types of carbohydrates to understand how your body weight is impacted by the foods you eat.

Simple Carbohydrates

Simple carbohydrates are often referred to as sugars or saccharides. They are the most basic chemicals your body uses for energy. Your body has to break down most foods in order to use them for energy but simple carbohydrates already have the correct chemical structure for your body to use right away. Simple carbohydrates are made up of two different types of chemicals; monosaccharides and disaccharides.

Monosaccharides

Here are two important monosaccharides:

Glucose: C6H12O6

Glucose
Fructose: C6H12O6

Fructose

Notice they have the same chemical formula, 6 carbon atoms attached to 6 water molecules, but they have different chemical structures. The differing chemical structure is important because the body processes each a little differently. Two chemicals with identical chemical formulas but differing molecular structures are called Isomers.

Disaccharides

As you may have guessed, disaccharides are made by combining two saccharides together. A common example of a disaccharide is made by combining a glucose molecule with a fructose molecule. This new molecule is called sucrose. Sucrose is common table sugar.



Sucrose: C12H24O12


Sucrose

Your body derives energy from these chemicals by breathing in oxygen, oxidizing the C6H12O6 chemical, breaking off the water molecules, and adding Oxygen atoms to the carbon atoms to form carbon dioxide, CO2, which is then exhaled as you breathe. Oxidizing the C6H12O6 gives off energy much like oxidizing, or burning, firewood gives off heat. So really your body is just like a furnace. It literally burns food to produce energy. This is where the phrase “burning calories” during a workout comes from.

The chemical reaction described above is written as follows:
C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy

1 glucose molecule plus 6 Oxygen molecules is converted to 6 carbon dioxide molecules and 6 water molecules while giving off energy.


Common foods with high amounts of simple carbohydrates include:

Soda
Sports Drinks
Table Sugar
Honey
Candy
Milk
Fruit
Vegetables

Complex Carbohydrates
Complex carbohydrates are known as polysaccharides and are typically made by combining hundreds of simple carbohydrates into long chains called polymers. Your body has to break apart the chains to free up the monosaccharide molecule before it can use the energy. This process takes a while, so unlike simple carbohydrates, the energy is not immediately available to your body. Complex carbohydrates get a bad rap in the nutrition community but they are an absolutely essential part of your diet if you wish to have the highest resting metabolism possible. We will get there but for know you just need to understand what a complex carbohydrate is.

This is an example of the most important complex carbohydrate, Glycogen. Glycogen will be discussed in more detail in Week 20 – Glycogen and Your Muscles. As you can see below Glycogen consist of many C6H10O5 molecules attached in long chains.


glycogen

Common foods with high amounts of complex carbohydrates include:

Cereals
Oatmeal
Potatoes
Bread
Pasta
Rice

The most important thing to know about carbohydrates when applying The Weight Equation is:

1 gram of carbohydrate contains 4 calories

References:

http://www.mckinley.illinois.edu/handouts/macronutrients.htm
https://www.rpi.edu/dept/bcbp/molbiochem/MBWeb/mb1/part2/sugar.htm

Please enjoy the powerful information I am sharing in this blog but remember that I am NOT a nutritionist or a professional. I am simply passionate about the subject. Please consult with your doctor and nutritionist before implementing any diet.

Week 08 – Types of Calories – Alcohol

September 27, 2015 Posted by The Weight Equation

There are four types of calories your body can use for energy. These are known as macronutrients. In order of chemical complexity, the four macronutrients are alcohols, carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. The chemical complexity of food sources is important because the more complex the structure is, the longer it takes the body to break it down to a chemical it can use. I will devote the next few blogs to the four types of calories starting here with alcohols.

Alcohol is often a forgotten and misunderstood source of calories. I chose to present alcohol first because it has the simplest chemical formula and starts to be metabolized by your body faster than any other calorie source. Alcohol is first absorbed into your bloodstream the moment it hits your tongue! Your liver then produces enzymes that reacts with the alcohol molecule and break it down into acetaldehyde, which is a poison.

All alcoholic beverages are created by letting yeast feed on carbohydrates. A byproduct of yeast’s interaction with carbohydrates is ethanol fermentation. The same process also enables bread to rise because the chemical reaction gives off carbon dioxide as well as ethanol.


Brandy and Wine = Yeast + Fruit sugars
Whiskey and Beer = Yeast + Grain sugars
Rum = Yeast + Cane sugars
Vodka = Yeast + Potato sugars

Ethanol or Ethyl Alcohol Chemical Structure: C2H5OH
acohol structure

The most important thing to know about alcohol when applying The Weight Equation is:

1 gram of alcohol contains 7 calories

References:

http://www.hamsnetwork.org/metabolism/
http://www.nutristrategy.com/nutrition/calories.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol_fermentation
http://www.intox.com/t-AboutAlcohol.aspx

Please enjoy the powerful information I am sharing in this blog but remember that I am NOT a nutritionist or a professional. I am simply passionate about the subject. Please consult with your doctor and nutritionist before implementing any diet.

Week 07 – Case Study – Month 1

September 20, 2015 Posted by The Weight Equation

The first case study month technically only covers 3 weeks. I started the case study on July 9th, 2015 and this entry covers July 9th, 2015 thru July 31st, 2015. Feel free to download a copy of the actual spreadsheet I filled out during this time period by clicking HERE or clicking on the spreadsheet images below:


Here’s a look at my daily calorie totals from July 7th – July 31st

csm1b

Here is the macronutrient distribution for July 7th – July 31st.

csm1c


I can’t really sugar coat it…it was a rough three weeks. I got off to a bad start right away. If you recall from the Week 03 – Case Study Introduction entry my target for week 1 was 1,973 calories per day. For some reason I had the number 2,150 in my head(my total calculated metabolism before exercise). As you can see on my spreadsheet I didn’t catch this mistake for 5 days so I consumed about 1,000 total calories more than I had originally intended to in that first week.

I did great keeping my calorie consumption close to 1,973 calories per day the second week but ran into more trouble in the final week of July. A confluence of events came together and I had a chance to take a trip to Chicago that I just couldn’t pass up. Unfortunately there were many meals I had during that trip that I could not accurately measure calorie contents. I basically did everything I’m going to spend a year telling people not to do during the course of this blog. The silver lining here is that it is real life and in real life we’re all going to have challenges to our goals and I will show how you can adjust your goals and get back on track even if you suffer a setback. I did the best I could to keep track of my calories during the trip and ended up consuming a whopping 2,500 calories per day….Yikes! According to my goal of 1,973 calories per day I figure I lost another 4,500 calories on that trip. What makes it even worse is because I could not accurately measure the calories I had to make a lot of educated guesses and my calorie intake could be off by as much as 300 or 400 calories per day either way. But I sure did have a great time on that trip. My girlfriend and I visited my grandma at her lakehouse in Wisconsin. We caught fish and cooked them over the campfire. We made homemade ice cream and ate homemade apple pie. We stopped at every winery in Northwest Wisconsin and hit the Leinenkugel’s Brewery on our way over to Chicago where we had Portillo’s and Giordano’s Pizza. Makes my taste buds water just thinking about it!

With all my slip ups in the first period of this case study my total calorie intake was 48,749. I missed my goal of 48,749 total calories from July 7th – July 31st by 3,273 calories. In theory this equates to 0.93 pounds of fat short of my goal of 3 pounds for the first period. As you can see in the table below I lost 1.6 pounds of fat over the period so my calculations were off by 0.5 pounds of fat. Reasons for this difference are probably some combination of bad calorie counting on my trip, overestimating my calories burned during exercise, and overestimating my metabolism calculation. These are all normal sources of error and I should be able to fine tune my calculations as this case study progresses. I am going to stick with my goal of 1973 calories per day until I get to 133 pounds and then adjust downward mid-month in August.


csm1a

Week 06 – What is a Calorie?

September 13, 2015 Posted by The Weight Equation

TWEScale2What is a calorie? Since I’ve already repeated numerous times that calories are the most important factor in The Weight Equation, it is pivotal that you understand what a calorie actually is. If you’ve ever looked into nutrition at all you’ve no doubt heard of calories but have you ever thought about what a calorie is? A calorie is a way to measure energy. 1 calorie is the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of one gram of water one degree Celsius. If you’ re a Physics nerd you may be interested to know that 1 calorie also equals 4.19 Joules.

Many people don’t realize that calorie contents you find on food labels are actually kilocalories. When you drink a can of soda, you may think it has 150 calories in it, but in reality it has 150 kilocalories or 150,000 calories. That can of soda has enough energy in it to raise the temperature of 150,000 grams of water 1 degree Celsius or raise the temperature of 150 kilograms of water 1 degree Celsius. For the purposes of this blog I will use the term calorie but keep in mind that in reality it is a kilocalorie.

I’m sure you’ve read the calorie content on a food label before but have you ever wondered how the amount of calories in different foods are determined? The foods are actually burned in a laboratory and water is heated up. The calorie content of the particular food in question is determined by how many degrees the water was heated up.

In this You Tube video high school students are demonstrating how to determine the calorie content of a nut:



Now that you know what a calorie is let’s find out what four sources your body can extract calories from to use for energy.

Please enjoy the powerful information I am sharing in this blog but remember that I am NOT a nutritionist or a professional. I am simply passionate about the subject. Please consult with your doctor and nutritionist before implementing any diet

Week 05 – The Mass Balance

September 6, 2015 Posted by The Weight Equation

TWEScale2As I briefly mentioned in Week 01 – Introduction, a mass balance equation is used to describe the relationship between something entering a system and something leaving. They are used in endless real world applications by a number of different people including scientists, mathematicians, and engineers to name a few. Mass balance equations can be used to describe whether an object will heat up or cool off depending on the heat entering and leaving the object. They can predict if a reservoir, or a lake, will have enough water to supply a city based on runoff water going into the lake, evaporation, and water demand by the city. They can also predict the amount of a pharmaceutical drug that builds up in your body based on the rate of consumption and excretion.

What other group of people use the mass balance equation??? You guessed it, nutritionists use mass balance to determine whether a person will gain or lose weight. This is science and just like gravity, everyone’s body plays by the same rules. This entire blog is based on the beautifully simple concept that if you eat more calories than you burn you will gain weight. If you burn more calories than you consume you will lose weight. No matter what anyone tries to tell you, calories are the only factor in the equation and it doesn’t matter what foods you derive those calories from. Our bodies are truly miraculous in their ability to use and store energy for future use and the way they do that is remarkably predictable using the mass balance concept. Not only are our bodies remarkably predictable they are also extremely consistent from person to person.

A great way to imagine this concept is to think about your body being a water balloon. When you wrap the balloon around a garden hose nozzle and turn the hose on, the balloon gets bigger as it fills up with water right? Now what happens if you poke a small hole in the other side of the balloon? A small amount of water shoots out the hole. The balloon still gets bigger but not as fast because now some of the water is leaving the balloon though the hole that was poked in it. This is the same thing that happens when someone eats more calories than they burn. Calories come in faster through the “garden hose” than they leave through the “poked hole” and the person gets fatter. If you poke a lot more holes in the water balloon so the same amount of water is coming out that is going in, the balloon will stop getting any bigger. Of course you could poke even more holes in the balloon and the rate of water leaving the balloon would exceed the amount entering it and the balloon would actually start getting smaller. .

If you’ve wrapped your head around this concept you’re ready to learn about different types of calories and where you get them from.

Please enjoy the powerful information I am sharing in this blog but remember that I am NOT a nutritionist or a professional. I am simply passionate about the subject. Please consult with your doctor and nutritionist before implementing any diet

Week 04 – Types of People

August 30, 2015 Posted by The Weight Equation

TWEScale2I strongly believe 99% of people that struggle with their weight fall into one of three categories:

1) Misinformed and Undisciplined
2) Informed and Undisciplined
3) Misinformed and Disciplined

Unfortunately this blog won’t help you if you are in group 1 or 2. Discipline is absolutely required to control your weight. This should be common sense but I need to throw it out there. If you know you are very undisciplined you can stop reading now because this blog isn’t magic. It was created to help out people in group 3. I am certain the great majority of people have enough self discipline to control their weight they just need the knowledge. Hopefully after finishing this blog you will move into the 4th group of people who doesn’t struggle controlling their weight:

4) Informed and Disciplined

Group 1: Misinformed and Undisciplined

These people are truly lost souls. It’s the worst of both worlds. Members of this group typically have the highest body fat percentages of the four groups and are the least happy with their bodies. This group will tend to make great strides over a short period of time just to see their results and their confidence plummet shortly after. These are the people who pack the gym for two weeks following New Years and never show up again, while letting the gym continue to bill their credit card. Regulars at the gym hate the first month or so after New Years because the group 1 people are hogging all the equipment. Not surprisingly, gyms love these people because they pay membership fees but leave plenty of room in the gym so more memberships can be sold. It’s not just the gym either, all different aspects of the weight loss industry have a vested interest in keeping you uninformed and undisciplined in order to maximize the dollars they can squeeze from you. If you find yourself in this group there is hope. Discipline can be acquired and just like flat results can kill your spirits, having some success can help breed further discipline.

Group 2: Informed and Undisciplined

This group will benefit the least from the blog. Along with the folks in group 1, people in group 2 tend to go all out on a weight loss plan for a short period of time just to lose focus and see all their results disappear. This group is headed in the right direction they just can’t stay on the path very long. Group 2 people tend to overvalue exercise and undervalue eating properly when they start their plans. There’s just no good excuse to struggle with your weight if you understand how food works and can see through the common misconceptions. Many people think they are in group 2 but really they are in group 1. If you find yourself in this group I would recommend looking elsewhere for self help books or seminars to promote discipline. Once you have the discipline part figured out this blog can help you stay informed on how food works. Combine both and you will not struggle with your weight anymore.

Group 3: Misinformed and Disciplined

This is the target audience for The Weight Equation. People in group 3 will benefit the most from reading the entries found here. These people tend to be in the best shape of the three groups but are often the most frustrated. They put in the work and show the self restraint necessary but can’t achieve their goals. They are usually the “gym rats” that consistently show up to work out but have trouble losing that “last five pounds”. It can be very deflating to be in this group because a lot of the effort you put into your body goes unrewarded. If you’re in this group you can stay on the path a long time but you’re just pointed in the wrong direction, maybe even just slightly, and you’ll never reach the correct destination no matter how long your stay on the path.

Which group are you in?

Week 03 – Case Study Introduction

August 23, 2015 Posted by The Weight Equation

As I mentioned in the Week 01 – Introduction, each month there will be a blog entry dedicated to a case study following The Weight Equation principles. To start with, I am going to use myself as the case study subject. I originally was not planning on being the subject myself but shortly after I started this writing this blog in 2011 I realized it would be quite difficult to find a willing and committed participant. In 2011 and again in 2012 I found people who were very interested in being part of the case study but for different reasons neither of them made it very far. For this reason I put the blog’s launch on the backburner until just recently deciding that I would be the subject of the case study for the first few case study entries(and maybe longer). I would still love to find someone that has struggled achieving their weight loss goals and is willing to be a participant in this blog. Please CLICK HERE to see what qualities I’m looking for in the perfect Weight Equation case study subject.

During my adult life I’ve weighed between 118 pounds(age 22) with a body fat percentage of 4% and 150 pounds(age 29) with a body fat percentage of 20%. I’m 32 right now and weigh 135 pounds with a body fat percentage of 14%. Although I’d love to weigh more than 135 pounds I was not content at 20% body fat when I weighed 150 pounds. Like most guys I store my excess body fat around my stomach and after being so thin for so long I was not thrilled about seeing a pooch every time I leaned over. Although I’m much lower now at 14% body fat I can only see a faint outline of my abs attempting to push through my belly fat. In my entire life I’ve never had well defined abs so I thought it might be fun to work towards that goal using the Weight Equation principles and document it as a case study. I have muscle down there I promise, it’s just hiding right now!

In order to see well defined abs I predict that I will need to drop my body fat percentage to 8%. If you’re curious why I picked 8% and how I am measuring my body fat percentage I will be going into a lot more depth on those subjects in Week 21 – Recommended Body Fat Ranges and Week 22 – Measuring Body Fat percentage. To accomplish the 6% drop in body fat percentage I will attempt to create a calorie deficit of 500 calories per day. I initially plan on using a combination of 300 calories per day of exercise and a 200 calorie per day cut in my food intake to create the daily 500 calorie deficit. Although it is impossible to gain muscle mass on a calorie deficit I still don’t want to lose any of my existing muscle mass. Therefore part of my daily exercise goal will be simple weight lifting during work days. I will alternate upper body and lower body each day. The lower body days will consist of three sets of ten repetitions(3-10s) in the squat cage along with 3-10s of single arm bent over rows. The upper body day will consist of 3-10s of bench press along with 3-10s of full supination curls and 3-10s of overhead triceps extensions. I will also run one mile each workday and complete Ab Ripper X. On the weekends I will take one day off and just attempt to be active in some way on the other day whether it’s a hike or an afternoon of wakeboarding.

Ab Ripper X is a popular abdominal workout video that is part of P90X. I could not post a video of the actual P90X workout video due to copyright reasons but here is a YouTube video of a couple performing the workout I will be doing daily.

I will go into more detail on how I arrived at these numbers in Week 17 – Measuring Your Metabolism but below is the breakdown of what my calorie goals will be at each stage. If my calculations are correct and I stay committed I am hoping to lose around 9 pounds of body fat and only 1 pound of muscle in the next ten weeks. This should leave me at a weight of 125 pounds and 8% body fat(and hopefully very nice abs!). I’m also going to attempt to keep my calorie intake at 25% fat, 40% complex carbohydrates, 10% sugars and alcohol, and 25% protein throughout this case study.

TargetChart

After the first month I will have a pretty good idea how close I got to calculating my metabolism and will adjust this table as needed. Below you can see my “Before” Pictures. Hopefully my “After” pictures will look much better!

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Date: 7/9/15
Weight: 135
Body Fat: 14%
Waist at Naval: 30.5”

I will be using the spreadsheet below(which I created and am very proud of). You can download the spreadsheet for free on the Products tab. There are tons of great software programs and phone apps that can track calories but I suggest you only use them as a tool to help populate this spreadsheet if you want to use The Weight Equation principles to reach your goals. I am going to allow you to download and peruse the actual spreadsheet I fill out each month as part of the case study. This way you can see exactly what I’m eating during this case study and how much of it. I’m also going to attempt to create an instructional video on how to use the spreadsheet. Hopefully it’s pretty intuitive but there are some cool tricks I’ve built into it.

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Last but not least you can get updates on the blog as well as progress I’m making and see pictures of my meals by “liking” The Weight Equation page on Facebook and following The Weight Equation on Twitter and Instagram. Please don’t be shy about sharing The Weight Equation with your friends!


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